Custom Window Widgets:

This is tricky and didn't really think it would work because all the info found was more than 3 years old. But it did!
I could get a window with custom widgets (Close/Miminize/Maximize and theorically fullscreen buttons), :) . I hope someday I know photoshop as much as objc and make my own cool buttons, for now I have to play with iCal's buttons.

Normal Cocoa NSWindowButtons

Customized NSWindowButtons

The left picture shows the normal cocoa NSWindowButtons, right picture on the right shows darker and yellowish buttons, not very nice on the gray titlebar but ... Is because I don't know photoshop! (涙) But with great potential huh?! (笑)


In cocoa you get the buttons of a window :
NSButton *button = [window standardWindowButton:NSWindowZoomButton];

But button is not really of kind NSButton is in fact an instance of _NSThemeWidget. Furthermore, it does not use a normal NSButtonCell but it has its own _NSThemeWidgetCell. Furthermore, the close button is a subclass of them: _NSThemeCloseWidget and _NSThemeCloseWidget because it has a dirty state of the document

In this post I show how to customize the images of these private classes because setImage: does nothing :(

How this works
I tried to make a new class and pose it as an _NSThemeWidgetCell but posing is being deprecated and is not possible anymore, at least not that I know.

Crayson told me that I should better try the method swizzling approach. This was a huge hint!.
So using a couple of objective-c runtime functions I added a method dynamically to _NSThemeWidgetCell class.

Then it was very easy to exchange methods : the one newly added alt_drawWithFrame:inView: with the other that does the drawing as usual drawWithFrame:inView:.

This part the code and the whole source + the images I borrowed from Lion's iCal can be downloaded from github :)

void drawWithFrameInView(id self, SEL _cmd, NSRect frame, id view)
    NSLog(@"hacking drawWithFrameInView ...");
    NSString *imageName = @"titlebarcontrols_regularwin";

    //Get button ID
    int buttonID = (int)[self buttonID];
    NSLog(@"%d", buttonID);
    switch (buttonID)
        case 127: // Close button
            imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_close"];
        case 128: // Minimize button
            imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_minimize"];
        case 129: // Zoom button
            imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_zoom" ];
        case 130: // Toolbar button
            imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_toolbar_button" ];

    //Get System preferences: Window style: (Aqua or graphite)
    NSString * const kAppleAquaColorVariant = @"AppleAquaColorVariant";
    NSUserDefaults *userDefaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
    [userDefaults addSuiteNamed:NSGlobalDomain]; 
    NSNumber *color = [userDefaults objectForKey:kAppleAquaColorVariant];
    if ([color intValue] == 6) {//graphite is 6 
        imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_graphite"];
    }else{//defaults to aqua, (aqua is 1)
        imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_colorsryg"];

    //Get button state
    if ([self respondsToSelector:@selector(getState:)]) {
        int state = (int)[self getState:view];
        //NSLog(@"state %d", state);
        switch (state) {
            //Known states
            //active = 0
            //activenokey = not used?
            //disabled = not used?
            //inactive = 3
            //pressed = 2
            //rollover = 1
            case 0: 
                imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_active"];
            case 1:
                imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_rollover"];
            case 2:
                imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_pressed"];
            case 3:
                imageName = [imageName stringByAppendingFormat:@"_inactive"];
            case 4:
                break;//disabled? activenokey?
            case 5:
                break;//disabled? activenokey?

        NSImage *img = [NSImage imageNamed:imageName];
        if (img){
            [img dissolveToPoint:NSMakePoint(frame.origin.x, frame.origin.y + frame.size.height) fraction:1.0];
            [(NSButtonCell*)self alt_drawWithFrame:frame inView:view];//original implementation 

And the part of code that does the objective-c runtime magic:

@implementation TestAppDelegate
@synthesize window;
- (void)applicationWillFinishLaunching:(NSNotification *)notification

    Class class = NSClassFromString(@"_NSThemeWidgetCell");
    SEL new_selector = @selector(alt_drawWithFrame:inView:);
    SEL orig_selector = @selector(drawWithFrame:inView:);

    //Add a new method dinamically because _NSThemeWidgetCell is a private class
    BOOL success = class_addMethod(class, new_selector, 
    if (success) {
        //Get the methods to exchange
        Method originalMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(class, orig_selector);
        Method newMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(class, new_selector);

        // If both are found, swizzle them
        if ((originalMethod != nil) && (newMethod != nil)){
            method_exchangeImplementations(originalMethod, newMethod);

//TEST:a new method should appear "alt_drawWithFrame:inView:" in the console
//uint methodCount = 0;
//class = NSClassFromString(@"UIWebDocumentView");
//Method *mlist = class_copyMethodList(class, &methodCount);
//for (int i = 0; i < methodCount; ++i){
// NSLog(@"%@", NSStringFromSelector(method_getName(mlist[i])));

//TEST: "hacking drawWithFrameInView ..." should appear in the console
//NSButton *but = [window standardWindowButton:NSWindowZoomButton];
//[[but cell] drawWithFrame:NSZeroRect inView:nil];
References and useful Links


ProgrammersWeb said...

This uses a private API right?

ProgrammersWeb said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
nacho4d said...

Yes it uses _NSThemeWidget and _NSThemeWidgetCell class which are respectively subclasses of NSButton and NSButtonCell